National Physical Development Plans
Tzamir-Pland experience in national planning projects during the last 10 years has been in Rwanda, Uganda and Israel
What is a national physical development Plan
The need for Land Use Planning has its rightful place as a major component of a development policies in a country: People-oriented policies including education, health, community and social welfare programs and Place-based policies which include investments in physical and social infrastructures and institutions. The objective of spatial planning at the national level is to achieve Place-based policies including spatial integration of cities, metropolitan areas, or other regional growth poles which exhibit economic growth and dynamism with those that are isolated rural areas.
Spatial Planning is a key instrument for development and effective governance. It is concerned with the problem of coordination or integration of the spatial dimension of sectoral policies through a territorially-based strategy. More complex than simple land-use regulation, it addresses the tensions and contradictions among sectoral policies, for example for conflicts between economic development, environmental and social cohesion policies.
The preparation of a National Physical Development Plan (NPDP) is seen as a key part of the establishment of an effective Land Use Planning system, one which should also boost the systematic preparation of Physical Plans at other levels for the whole country.
The policy context of the National Physical Development Plan are National Policies of all sectors: environmental, urban and rural, laying down five and ten years planning cycles on which the annual plans of Ministries, Departments and Agencies, including the budget, should be based. Until the preparation of a National Physical Development Plan policies have been concerned more with social and economic planning and has lacked a full spatial dimension.
The overall goal of a National Physical Development Plan is to create an enabling environment that will contribute to elimination of key constraints to the cost of doing business and the country’s international competitiveness.
The National Physical Development Plan and the subsequent lower levels of plan aligned with national planning priorities, enable entrepreneurs to locate their investments within national priorities and priority areas. It enables land owners to understand how their land sits within an approved pattern of land uses and spatial strategies. Government agencies and other concerned ministries and agencies are also among main beneficiaries and stakeholders of a NPDP. Private business, financial sector, civil society organizations and development partners will similarly benefit from the development of better physical planning systems.